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In Two Minds? African Experience and Preferment in UMCA and the Journey to Independence in Tanganyika

Mndolwa, Maimbo W and King, Fergus J. (2016) In Two Minds? African Experience and Preferment in UMCA and the Journey to Independence in Tanganyika. Mission Studies, 33 (3). pp. 327-351. ISSN 0168-9789


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This paper examines the role the Universities’ Mission to Central Africa (UMCA) played in the move towards independence in Tanganyika. It sees a paradox at the heart of the Society’s work and mission in its apparent affirmation of African experience but its seeming failure to promote African leadership. However, the lack of ecclesiastical preferment, due in part to circumstances beyond the control of the Society, could not quench its support for the value of African experience. Indeed, Christians formed in the UMCA tradition would go on to take key roles in government before and after independence, and eventually help to build a national church, the Church of the Province of Tanganyika (now the Anglican Church of Tanzania), which would embrace the African philosophy of Ujamaa (Unity) over narrow Anglo-Catholicism.本篇文章检验 ‘中非大学宣教’ (UMCA) 在推动坦噶尼克独立过程中的角色。 本文发现此机构的工作与宣教核心中的矛盾,就是它一方面肯定非洲人的经验,另一方面它的失败却好像在于没能提拔非洲领袖。教会里的升迁, 一部分原因是超出了机构的控制范围。但是,这也不能熄灭机构对非洲经验价值的支持。的确, 从 UMCA 传统里出来的基督徒,独立前后在政府部门担当重职,而且最终帮助建立了一个本地教会,即坦噶尼克省教会(现为坦桑尼亚圣公会)。它包容了Ujamaa (合一) 的非洲哲学,而不是狭隘的圣公会高派教。Este artículo examina el papel que la Misión de las Universidades al África Central (UMCA) jugó en el movimiento hacia la independencia de Tanganica. Puntualiza la paradoja existente entre el centro del trabajo y la misión de la Sociedad en su aparente afirmación de la experiencia africana, y lo que parece ser un fracaso en la promoción de líderes africanos. Sin embargo, la falta de puestos eclesiásticos, debido en parte a circunstancias fuera de su control, no apagó su apoyo a la experiencia africana. De hecho, los cristianos formados en la tradición UMCA tendrían papeles clave en el gobierno, antes y después de la independencia. Finalmente, ayudarían a la formación de una iglesia nacional, la Iglesia de la provincia de Tanganica (ahora la Iglesia Anglicana de Tanzania), que adoptaría la filosofía africana de la Ujamaa (Unidad) en lugar de un anglo-catolicismo con mentalidad estrecha.This article is in English.

Item Type: Published Articles
Repository Version: Published Version
Keywords: Universities’ Mission to Central Africa, Anglican, ujamaa, Frank Weston, Tanganyika, Vincent Lucas
Fields of Research: 22 Philosophy and Religious Studies > 2204 Religion and Religious Studies > 220401 Christian Studies (incl. Biblical Studies and Church History)
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970122 Expanding Knowledge in Philosophy and Religious Studies
Type of Activity: Pure Basic Research
Subjects: D - Missiology
College/Association with University of Divinity: Trinity College Theological School
Depositing User: Mr Mark Carey
Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2017 04:16
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2017 04:16
URI: http://repository.divinity.edu.au/id/eprint/2888

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