(Lutheran Theological Journal; 45 (2) )
Over the centuries in a variety of both visual images and words Christians have attempted to communicate the mystery of the Trinity. One classic image features a triangular model with lines crossing between the points inside the triangle and phrases relating to the identity of the three persons. In his Catechisms Luther captures something of this diverse yet unified nature and activity of the Triune God in his explanation of the three parts of the Apostles' Creed. 'I believe that God has created me and everything that exists.' 'I believe that Jesus Christ is my Lord ... he has rescued me when I was lost.' 'I believe that the Holy Spirit has called me to Jesus'. God consists of three distinct persons. The Father is not the Son and so on, but they are united in their creating, rescuing and calling activity
(Lutheran Theological Journal; 48 (3) )
This article explores what is meant by a critical approach to the Bible in the context of teaching a foundational unit on the Bible to school teachers or teachers in training. It stresses that a “critical” approach is not meant to be negative but positive. It does not question the authority of scripture but leads the reader into a deeper appreciation of its form, structure, and overall unity. It also wrestles with different Old Testament texts and stresses that ultimately the whole Old Testament can only be properly understood in the light of Christ. This Christocentric approach to the Old Testament looks towards the New Testament and God’s own willing self-submission in Christ to human violence. On the cross we see in faith God’s power hidden under human weakness; his victory hidden behind defeat. A critical approach plumbs the depths of scripture and can lead to a stronger and more resilient faith as it wrestles honestly with difficult problems.