Nürnberger, Anna

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  • Publication
    Zweifelskonzepte im Frühchristentum: Dipsychia und Oligopistia im Rahmen menschlicher Dissonanz- und Einheitsvorstellungen in der Antike
    (Novum Testamentum et Orbis Antiquus / Studien zur Umwelt des Neuen Testaments (NTOA/StUNT); 122 ) 2019 Nürnberger, Anna
    The concept of ‘two souls’ in the Epistle of James and the concept of ‘little faith’ in the Gospel of Matthew react to the circumstance that a Christian existence may lead to dissonant experiences and behaviour, and even to doubt. First documented in Early Christian writings, the words dípsychos and oligópistos represent new variants of intrapersonal self-interpretations. To clarify this novelty, phenomena relating to dissonance are analysed and differentiated in figurative, philosophical, metaphorical, mythical, and allegorical texts. Articulations of inner dissonance in the pre-Christian era and of the New Testament environment serve to explain in what ways a person may deviate from the ideal of personal unity and how to deal with this problem: In Greek philosophical texts reason has to dominate antagonistic emotional impulses. In the Hebrew Bible, however, all aspects and physical entities of man are to be aligned with God as the external centre. Early Jewish writings demand the overcoming of conflicts between reason and passions, drawing on Greek ideas, or assume opposing spirits within man and ask to abide by the impulses of the godly spiritual forces. In both the Greek as well as the biblical tradition, doubt as a specific form of inner dissonance increases in significance in the Hellenistic era. New Testament writings document new words in order to express intrapersonal dissonance due to the challenges of the emerging Christian faith. The concept of ‘two souls’ in the Epistle of James and the concept of ‘little faith’ in the Gospel of Matthew can be understood as innovative notions of doubt in antiquity. This study is set out to be a text-oriented contribution to Historical Psychology and aims at displaying the diversity surrounding inner dissonance of man in antiquity.
  • Publication
    Student Agency Through the Lutheran Lens
    (Lutheran Theological Journal; Supplement 1 ) 2021-05 Nürnberger, Anna
    By bringing in a new perspective for the Lutheran context, this article adds to conversations about agency: How does student agency align with the Lutheran lens on students and learning? In what ways are we already implementing voice, choice and ownership of one’s learning in our educational institutions and what can we learn from each other? This article explains what student agency is and why it is important to support a contemporary transformation of learning such that it is relevant and authentic for our world as we know it today. It then explores the connections between contemporary research on student agency, Martin Luther’s theologically informed anthropology and understanding of Christian liberty, and current perspectives on leaners and learning in the Australian Lutheran school context. By highlighting these connections and by considering practical implications for both students and learning communities, this paper not only validates the significance of student agency for Lutheran education but also makes it clear that the Lutheran theological context fully supports and advocates for providing agency within a Lutheran education.